House of Windsor
Badge of the House of Windsor
Country Antigua and Barbuda
The Bahamas
New Zealand
Papua New Guinea
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Lucia
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Solomon Islands
United Kingdom
Parent house WettinSaxe-Coburg and Gotha
Founded 17 July 1917
Founder George V
Current head Elizabeth II

The House of Windsor is the royal house of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms. The dynasty is of German paternal descent and was originally a branch of the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, itself derived from the House of Wettin, which succeeded the House of Hanover as monarchs in the British Empire following the death of Queen Victoria, wife of Albert, Prince Consort. The houses of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and Windsor have provided five British monarchs to date, including four kings and the present queen, Elizabeth II.

The name was changed from Saxe-Coburg and Gotha to the English Windsor in 1917 because of anti-German sentiment in the British Empire during World War I. During the reign of the Windsors major changes took place in British society. The British Empire participated in the First and Second World Wars, ending up on the winning side both times, but subsequently lost its status as a superpower during decolonisation. Much of Ireland broke with the United Kingdom and the remnants of the Empire became the Commonwealth of Nations. The United Kingdom joined bodies such as the United Nations, European Union and NATO. Other major changes include the introduction of television media, the decline of Christianity and the transformation of the United Kingdom into a multiethnic society through post-colonial immigration.

List of monarchs

Name From Until Relationship with predecessor
King Edward VII 22 January 19016 May 1910Son of Albert, Prince Consort and Queen Victoria. First British king of the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha.
King George V 6 May 191020 January 1936Son of Edward VII. Changed name to the House of Windsor.
King Edward VIII 20 January 193611 December 1936Son of George V; Abdicated
King George VI 11 December 19366 February 1952Son of George V and brother of Edward VIII
Queen Elizabeth II6 February 1952reigningDaughter of George VI

Family tree

George V
Mary of Teck
Wallis Warfield
Edward VIII
George VI
Prince Henry
Prince George
Prince John
Prince Edward
Elizabeth II
Prince Philip
Princess Margaret
Prince Richard
Princess Alexandra
Mark Phillips
Duchess of York
Sophie Rhys-Jones
Prince Harry
Timothy Laurence
Princess Beatrice
Princess Eugenie
Lady Louise
Prince William
Peter Phillips
Autumn Kelly
Zara Phillips
Mike Tindall
Prince George
Princess Charlotte
Savannah Phillips
Isla Phillips
Mia Tindall

External links